What is Ovulation Induction?

Ovulation issues often a times prevent women from achieving pregnancy leading her towards infertility. Ovulation Induction refers to the medical treatment which assist in releasing one or more eggs from the ovary in a month. It can be done either by way of oral medications or injectable medications. This procedure can be performed due to various reasons but it is mostly recommended to women facing irregular ovulation such as women suffering with, irregular menstrual cycle, or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Additionally, this procedure can be recommended to women with regular ovulation to improve the quality of ovulation or increase the number of eggs.



How is Ovulation Induction Done?

Initially during ovulation induction, a series of tests are prescribed by the doctor to formulate a diagnosis of your fertility treatment plan. The main procedure begins with menstrual cycle during which the ovaries are stimulated with drugs to encourage the growth of follicles containing egg. The growth of follicles is monitored through ultrasounds and blood tests to control the number and size of follicles. To assist with the final stage, patient is administered with trigger injection for releasing the egg. The procedure is followed by timed sexual intercourse or intrauterine insemination (IUI) depending upon the situation of the patient.

Ovulation Induction Drugs

Ovulation induction can be done through various medicines. As mentioned earlier, it is achieved through oral medications as well as through injections. The most common and efficient drugs used for ovulation induction includes:

Clomiphene Citrate

is an infertility medicine which blocks estrogen receptors and induce ovulation. The anti-estrogen effect of the medicine makes your body believe that estrogen levels are low stimulating the production of more follicle stimulating hormones thereby. This drug can also be used as a fertility agent for superovulation.

Human Chorionic Gonadotropin

is a natural hormone which assists in maturation and release of eggs. Furthermore, it prepares the lining of the uterus for the embryo implantation. It can also be injected.

Aromatase Inhibitors

are similar to Clomiphene Citrate. It is commonly known as Letrozole. Letrozole in ovulation induction is effective in patients with PCOS.

Human Menopausal Gonadotropin

is an ovulation induction drug that consists of follicle stimulating hormone and leutinizing hormone. This medicine stimulates egg development who have irregular ovulation and also for superovulation. It is also available in injectable form.

Side Effects

Ovulation Induction side effects are linked with Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS) which can be caused by ovulation induction drugs. It is one side effect of ovulation induction. Other side effects, that arise with OHSS and fade away with time, include:

  • Nausea
  • Bloating
  • Hot Flashes
  • Blurry Vision
  • Weight Gain

Ovulation Induction Success Stories

Success of ovulation induction varies with each woman’s diagnosis. It also depends upon other factors such as patients age. Australian Concept Infertility Medical Center being the most successful infertility clinic of Pakistan has successfully assisted thousand of couples in achieving parenthood through ovulation induction. The success rate is 25% per cycle while the chance of healthy pregnancy in a healthy couple is 20% each month.