People often get confuse between IVF and test tube baby treatment assuming them to be two different procedures whereas, in fact these two procedures are same. Test tube baby is a layman term that is used to refer In Vitro Fertilization (IVF). It is a type of assisted reproductive technology in which the human eggs are fertilized outside the womb under optimum laboratory conditions. Our IVF laboratories at Australian Concept Infertility Medical Center meet the international protocols and are designed to maintain sterile condition temperature and pressure. IVF can help even those infertile couples that have had experienced failure at other infertility treatments. About 11 million babies all over the world are conceived through IVF and the number keeps on increasing.

What is Test Tube Baby?

A baby conceived outside the womb is known as test tube baby. Louise J. Brown was the first test tube baby of the world who was born in United Kingdom in July 1978. The first test tube baby in Pakistan was born eleven years after the birth of Louise J. Brown in year 1988. It was a huge accomplishment, as it was not only the first test tube baby of Pakistan but also of South Asia.



In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is the scientific name of test tube baby treatment. As the name suggests, in vitro fertilization means a fertilization that takes place outside human body. During IVF, eggs and sperm are combined in laboratory petri dishes, under controlled environment, where the sperm fertilize the eggs on its own. IVF involves DNA sequencing in which best eggs and sperm is used for fertilization along with highly advanced technology. Besides, the success of an IVF treatment majorly depends upon the pre-IVF workup in which required hormones are administered and ideal BMI is achieved. Our IVF labs are equipped with advanced technologies that is utilized by experienced infertility specialists to achieve successful results. IVF has changed the paradigm of infertility treatments since its introduction. It has helped numerous couples, over the years, in living their dream of parenthood.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)

ICSI is also referred to as specialized form of IVF as it is performed as a part of IVF. During ICSI, a single healthy sperm is injected directly to the cytoplasm of the egg to achieve fertilization. Most often, ICSI is recommended to couples struggling to conceive due to male factor infertility, but it is also helpful for couples with unexplained infertility and for those who have had failed at conventional IVF for more than once.

Difference between IVF and ICSI

Both IVF and ICSI are similar. In fact, ICSI is performed as a part of IVF. However, there is a slight difference between conventional IVF and ICSI. In IVF, the egg and sperm are combined in petri dishes where the sperm fertilizes the egg on its own. In ICSI, a single healthy sperm is selected which is injected into the egg’s cytoplasm using a micromanipulator. The remaining procedure is same as in conventional IVF.


Hysteroscopy is a procedure in which the inside of uterus can be examined. It involves using a hysteroscope (a narrow telescope with camera and light at the end). With the help of it, images are sent to the monitor where the doctor can examine your womb, fallopian tubes, cervix and cervical canal. Hysteroscopy is quite helpful in assisted reproduction.


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